Author: uceejay

about.me/ujjawal.jain

130 is the new high!

Now almost half of the US adult population has high blood pressure, according to updated hypertension guidelines developed by the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology which were presented at the AHA’s 2017 Scientific Sessions on 14th November. The guidelines, which are the first comprehensive new high blood pressure guidelines in over a decade, lower the threshold for high blood pressure to 130/80 mm Hg, rather than 140/90 mm Hg.

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With the previous definition, 1 in 3 US adults were defined as having high blood pressure (32%). The new guidelines will result in 46% of the US adult population having high blood pressure or hypertension. However, there will only be a small increase in the number of US adults who will require anti-hypertensive medication, according to the authors. These guidelines are designed to help individuals identify and address the potentially deadly condition much earlier.

In addition to the newly-updated threshold, the guidelines emphasise the importance of using proper technique to measure blood pressure. Blood pressure levels should be based on an average of 2-3 readings on at least 2 different occasions.

The new guidelines eliminate the category of prehypertension, which was used for blood pressures with a top number (systolic) between 120-139 mm Hg or a bottom number (diastolic) between 80-89 mm Hg. Patients with those readings now will be categorized as having either Elevated (120-129 and less than 80) or Stage I hypertension (130-139 or 80-89).

Previous guidelines classified 140/90 mm Hg as Stage 1 hypertension. This level is classified as Stage 2 hypertension under the new guidelines.

The impact of the new guidelines is expected to be greatest among younger people. The prevalence of high blood pressure is expected to triple among men under age 45, and double among women under 45 according to the report.

The new guidelines were developed by the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and 9 other health professional organisations. They were written by a panel of 21 scientists and health experts who reviewed more than 900 published studies.

Other changes in the new guideline include:

  • Only prescribing medication for Stage I hypertension if a patient has already had a cardiovascular event such as a heart attack or stroke, or is at high risk of heart attack or stroke based on age, the presence of diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease or calculation of atherosclerotic risk (using the same risk calculator used in evaluating high cholesterol).
  • Recognizing that many people will need 2 or more types of medications to control their blood pressure, and that people may take their pills more consistently if multiple medications are combined into a single pill.
  • Identifying socioeconomic status and psycho-social stress as risk factors for high blood pressure that should be considered in a patient’s plan of care.

    Source

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Scientific theory of falling in love

First of all underlying all the emotion, thoughts, beliefs and hopes about love is our basic biochemistry. Humans are hard-wired to love so that they can breed.
Attraction is based on brain chemistry that included a group of neurotransmitters in our brain called monoamines, they are:
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Serotonin
These create the feeling we experience as an attraction.

  • Dopamine is one of your brain’s “I feel good” chemicals (it’s where the term “dope” came from). It’s also involved in your brain’s motivation and reward systems. When you meet someone you’re attracted to, dopamine starts sending… I feel good chemical “rewards” to your system.
  • Norepinephrine (noradrenaline), delivers messages to your central nervous system. Norepinephrine is responsible for your ability to “block out” information that isn’t as interesting as the smart partner in front of you.
  • Serotonin regulates a lot of functions in your body, including sexual behavior and body temperature. When you are very attracted to someone, serotonin decreases your body temperature, which makes your skin slightly more able to conduct electricity. This is the reason that love can literally make your skin tingle and you say I am getting butterflies in my stomach.

Other than monoamines another neurotransmitter like oxytocin proved to help, it’s also called love hormone:
As in 2012, researchers reported that people in the first stages of romantic attachment had higher levels of oxytocin, compared with non-attached single people. Sexual activity has been found to stimulate the release of oxytocin, and it appears to have a role in erection and orgasm. It may be that the increased uterine motility may help sperm to reach their destination or correlation between the concentration of oxytocin and the intensity of orgasm.

In fact, experts say that attraction stimulates the same chemicals in the brain that addiction does, such as dopamine and oxytocin. If a boy/girl isn’t attracted to you, it’s nothing to do with you: it’s all down to the chemicals in each person’s brain.

A researcher at Rutgers University suggests that it takes less than one second for the brain to decide whether it considers someone to be attractive or not, hence this is how swipe right on tinder works.

  • You may be able to overcome or cope with this split-second first impression, or you may not.
  • If not, don’t take it personally people are not able to manage spontaneous impulses and what is judged may not have anything to do negatively with you.
    e.g. For instance, some women are drawn to men which are high risk-takers, some are more attracted to those who seem more cautious. There is nothing wrong with being either.

Understanding how attraction works may seem to take some of the mystery and magic from this human emotion. However, what it does make clear is that love and attraction is a fundamental part of how we are hard-wired. And it is on a level that is not heavily rational. And sometimes the chemistry literally is right or wrong.

Funny Quote: Here are some words of wisdom from Grandpa rick to his grandson Morty from the adult cartoon Rick and Morty:

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HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE NEET PG ENTRANCE EXAM? 

Although the study strategy should be individualized and varies from person to person. The general points that should be considered are:

1. The syllabus should be finished at least once (with crisp study material for final revision, mostly notes) around one month before the exams.

2. Keep last one month for revision only.

3. An average of 6 to 8 hours (focused) per day is sufficient for studies. There should be no use of facebook, WhatsApp like social network or any other distraction during these hours. Take small breaks after every 1.5 to 2 hours of study.

4. Keep ONE DAY OFF EVERY WEEK. It increases the productivity of remaining 6 days.

5. Most importantly give around HALF AN HOUR FOR REVISION DAILY for the topics you have studied in that particular day. Revising same day help in incorporating that topic in long term memory.

6. Try to practice around 100 MCQs daily WITHOUT SEEING THE ANSWERS. You should match the answers after solving these. Seeing the answer side by side is likely to miss many concepts which are unlikely if you answer using your memory and concepts.

7. The most important part of the preparation is to remember so many facts and concepts. One of the very effective methods for this is DISCUSSION. Keep on asking (the fact or concept which you feel is difficult) to everyone you meet. If you ask 5 people the same question, you are sure to remember this as you have revised it 5 times.

8. Another common mistake students tend to do is to target all the questions asked in previous years. You must be knowing, that even toppers never get 100 percent of marks in any competitive exams. So just keep in mind that if you know 80 to 90 percent of the questions in any competitive examination, it is good enough. The reason I am specifically focusing on this is that I have seen many students wasting time on many topics which are useless but have been asked once in some examination.
E.g. once a question was asked about speed of some mosquito, it is totally illogical to remember the speed of all the mosquitos because once it was asked on Anopheles, so it can be asked on Culex next time. In every exam, around 20 percent questions are asked which are unlikely to be repeated again ever. So, concentrate more on those topics which are frequently repeated and know them thoroughly and such type of questions should be just crammed.

9. One more area where most of the students waste a lot of time without any gain is regarding CONTROVERSIAL QUESTIONS. For some questions, different books mention different answers. Please don’t waste time on these questions and just remember any one which seems logical to you. Students keep on searching n number of books for these questions and still are confused. Even if you are able to find out some source, you still
won’t be sure that whether the examiner has made a question from that book or not. Remember, that’s why these questions are controversial. So, I will suggest not to waste time on these questions.

10. In any competitive examination, even if there is negative marking, attempt all the questions in which you have zeroed down to 2 options.

11. Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time. Certainly GIVING UP IS NOT AN OPTION one must have.

12. BOOKS AND NOTES recommended are:

First Professional: 
Anatomy: PhyBians by Dr Vivek Jain and class plus class notes
of Dr Rajesh Kaushal
Physiology: PhyBians
Biochemistry: Phybians or Biochemistry by Dr Rebecca James

Second Professional:
Pathology: Review of Pathology and Genetics by Dr Gobind Rai
Garg and Dr Sparsh Gupta
Pharmacology: Review of Pharmacology by Dr Gobind Rai Garg and Sparsh Gupta and classes of Dr Gobind Rai
Microbiology: Microbiology made easy by Dr Akhilesh or Book by Dr Apurba shastry
Forensic Medicine: Sumit seth book plus Dr Akhilesh Jhamad classes

Third Professional:
PSM: Dr Vivek Jain book + Class + Class notes
ENT: Dr Manisha Budhiraja or Dr Sakshi Arora
Opthalmology: SARP series ophthalmology by Dr Gobind Rai Garg and Dr Sparsh Gupta CBS Publishers

Final Professional:
Medicine: Dr Thameem class notes plus selected topics of Mudit
Khanna
Surgery: Class notes of Dr Deepak Guliani plus minus Dr Pritesh
surgery book
Obs and Gynae: Dr Puneet Bhojani
Orthopaedics: Dr Apurv Mehra Plus Ortho dhoom dhadaka
Radiology: Dr Sumer seth
Psychiatry, Anaesthesia, Dermatology: PROAFS by Dr Vivek Jain

Suggestions by: Dr. Gobind Rai Garg

A Complete Guide to take transfer in MBBS Internship

Taking transfer in internship of MBBS may very confusing and difficult for passed out medical student. I have concluded the easiest steps to get internship abroad of your college. For which I wasted so much of time as nobody was to help me in this guidance. So I thought why should I not write an article to help my fellow juniors to get transfer under 10 days.

Note: Always remember wherever someone require documents it should be good photo copy and not the original one, they may ask to see the original but it should be returned to you.

Step 1: Get to know where you want to take transfer, for this it is very important to verify that the college or hospital where you’re taking transfer is permitted by Medical Council of India (MCI). You can go through their website and see this list LINK:

Step 2: From your college first work you need to do is to get your provisional registration as soon as you get your passing certificate from your college. It depends on state to state to verify and finalize the provisional registration, in my state (MP) was online, while in UP it is to be written and done in physical form.

Step 3: Go to your state Directorate of Medical Education (DME) office and write an application, which is to be submitted in the counter and its photocopy that will be stamped to show your proof you giving with date. In this application you need to request an Non Objection Certificate (NOC) from DME regarding from X college to Y college and the date of joining. Attaching your passing certificate and provisional registration.

Step 4: After few days you will get letters from DME to respected:
There are two cases you want to change your internship in the same state (case A) or in some other state (case B).
You will be provided with request letters to provide NOC from:
a) MCI, New Delhi (only in case B)
b) Parent college
c) Parent university
d) College/Hospital where you want transfer

Step 5: College and University NOC
It depends on college to college, some give this NOC easily, other will charge you some fees for leaving your college. It is essential to see your bond while you joined your medical college.
For college NOC you have to give application with attached photocopy documents required by the officer. It will be signed by the Dean of the college and then provided to you in physical form as provisional NOC of college.
Again this has to be forwarded to your university with same application and copies work by you as soon as you get NOC from college.

Step 6: MCI NOC (For case B only)
Since you’re applying transfer to other state it is necessary to get permission from MCI, Dwarka, New Delhi. They need the following documents:
a) Request letter with communication address
b) Copy of NOC from parent college (Annexure 1)
c) Copy of NOC from parent university (Annexure 2)
d) Copy of MCI permitted transferee college/hospital (Annexure 3)
e) Copy of provisional registration of your state
f) Copy of your passport (only in case of applying internship abroad)
g) A demand draft of Rs. 1000/- in favour of Secretary, Medical Council of India payable at New Delhi (any nationalized bank).

Step 6: Transferee College/Hospital NOC
Here the game begins of the other side. Like I am telling you for the case B as they will ask you to get formalities as per the rule of their states.
Like in the case state UP where I took transfer, the hospital wrote a letter to DME to allow us to give admission from other state.
When you give an application with attached notary and other photo copy documents, including NOCs and passing certificate. They will provide you two letters with different mentioning. One for Department of Medical Health (DMH) of State and other to keep for yourself and that it will be used later.

Step 6: DMH NOC Letter
After getting letter from DME to request to DMH. You need to write an application again to DMH just like DME. They also need documents photo copy of NOCs similar to DME. They will provide you 3 letters.
One is supposed to give at State Medical Council for the provisional registration.
Second to the transferee college or hospital.
Third to be given to you for yourself.

Step 7: State Medical Council Registration
After all these work, it is must to get a provisional registration done to the state where you’re doing for. You need to download the form from the state council website and then submit to their office in the capital city.
In case of interstate it may take a lot of days as the verification takes to much time to get from other state. So it is advised to go or send someone at parent state medical council for quick verification.
Here again photo copy of documents required:
a) Provisional Registration copy of Parent medical college state.
b) Hometown CMO Registration Attested
c) Original letter of DME (mentioned in Step 5)
d) Original letter of DMH (mentioned in Step 6)
e) All MBBS prof marksheets
f) Highschool marksheet
g) Your Adhar Card

When you give all these attested with your form, they will ask you to pay fees (Rs. 1000 in state of UP) and provide you a receipt and on site letter that is required to give at tranferee medical college or hospital for taking complete admission.
On other side you need to apply an NOC/verification of documents in parent council to be sent on transferee state council. It may take 15 days or more.
In MP state it takes NOC to apply online and need 3 documents:
a) Provisional Registration
b) Copy of Internship Transfer Order
c) Completion of Rural Bond Certificate or a certificate of non bonded candidate

Step 8: Joining of Transferee College/Hospital
After all this work you will go to your office of transferee medical college or hospital from where you get request letter for DME in the step 6.
You need to give a joining request letter attached with letter of DME, DMH and state council permission letter.
They will finally give you joining to their hospital departments and you can officially continue your internship there.

Thanks for reading. Please read and share to everyone who is interested to take transfer from their medical college to do internship. 

 

The Exposure & Experience

Exposure and experience is all, what it counts in the life of a person.
It’s not just your skills, knowledge and intelligence that makes a successful person in career. It’s actually just 10%. Many of them realise in their student or college life, some of them get to know at their intern phase.

It is very important one should apply what they have gained from their books to the reality, many people are just have born skill, some develop by hard working and determination. It’s all about practicality and how you manage that matters.

Without the exposure of career no one will ever know what field he or she should spend their life own. It constitutes 20% in life. Like in our India specially in small towns, students are very less exposed to the world they see, they choose career what their family opt for.
Whereas in metros people are very open to choose their career as they have good exposure and counselling facilities. There are various career opportunities for a students who are not aware of might be waiting for. It can be specific to their inside field as well.
And it’s not stereotypical, I am just telling in general.

There are various techniques and procedures, the style of doing a job that evolve time to time as per the circumstances and the demand. Make it much more productive and fruitful for both the parties. It usually take much more time to get or adopt such trends where people are not exposed or not willing to adopt because of norms.

If we talk about experience, that is rest 70% of being an awesome. It all takes time and continuity to get, there is nothing else that can you mature other than time and it is directly proportional to the exposure one gain in the life. Here age remains just the man made number.
Experience is the best teacher, one should learning lesson from it. For this one should keep their ego aside in the chest and throw away in the deep ocean. Never be afraid of failure, always be afraid of not trying.

I believe in the student life one should also learn from each other. Besides just making fun of others failure in gossips, one should talk casually and try to know the lesson what he or she learnt from their mistake. There is nothing junior or senior among students, everyone is young in their student life, as I said age is only a number. Some got exposed of what you are totally have no idea of. It’s called social learning.

And all of this exposure and experience not only give impact beneficiary on an individual but also for the organisation, the company and hence the overall development of the nation.

I AM A ROCK, I AM AN..

In this world there are all types of people with unique personalities. In our childhood to adulthood, different people have different views about relationship they develop. It may be of short terms, long terms, polygamous, strict monogamous, different sexual orientation, and lots more. In our India it’s more a fad in our young generation to be in a relationship. Just like it’s must to use instagram and snapchat apps in your smartphone for peer pressure and social status.

See there is a thing called individuality, every person has special USP until people try to make them like one. It’s specially seen in friends circles and peers where most of the decision even of life is made by the group. Want to go some new pub?, yes cool! Want a joint, yes! My best friend made a boyfriend/girlfriend, so cool! I also want someone to be with me, otherwise I will be forever alone, dork, nerdy or what else to get hashtagged on. A young mind is full of insecurities and excitement to be cool and popular among pals.

Beyond all the majority of people, there are some people live different life, they have different views and ideas in life. Some are career oriented, don’t have priorities, some are orthodox and traditional-family oriented, some just are asexual like that, some have extreme social anxiety and confidence to ask someone on date, and some don’t even believe in the meaning of romantic relationship like Sherlock. But that’s cool also! People need to understand such tribe, their personal decision and preference even as their close friend or relatives.

There are people who just blessed with so cheerful happening life that don’t feel alone at all. They can’t see they are incomplete without someone. Call them narcissist, insult them with you’re no man enough, gay/lesbo, weirdo but this is how they are in their comfort zone. A life where satisfaction without doubts are more valuable than pleasing others, trying to show so called happiness on facebook PDA pics.

A single person can love himself/herself for no reason. Some people love independence and managing everything by their own pretty well, even better than people in couples living on the same roof. They can be far less dependable on others, thanks to so many options now available. Solo tripping pleasure, a bundle to books to read with a hot cup of coffee or have good time with true friends who are close to our life.

Around 3 years of years ago some guy asked on quora Is it really important to have a girlfriend in life? I replied “Stop looking for others, especially women, to make you happy – you don’t need them. Men all over the world waste time trying to find happiness in everything except themselves. When you’re happy on your own, others will naturally want to be around you.”

I love this quote from the movie Dear Zindagi where Alia’s character ask the meaning of perfect relationship with Shahrukh’s, where he answers: “Why one special relationship? Life has different feelings and emotions like in different tastes of sharing sam’e music, gossip, intellectual etc. It’s impossible to put all the load on a single relationship.

Top 10 Bollywood Films of 2016

2016 is the year many good and bad bollywood movies just like 2015 and 2014.. But this year most of successful movies are fulfilling gender equity and women empowerment. In last two months many films didn’t collect much money in box office as it get affected by demonitization fo Indian currency notes.

There were many unpredictable successful films like Pink and MS Dhoni The Untold Story and disaster sequels of super hit films of which people had many  expectations with like Kahani 2, Raaz Reboot and Rock On 2. So here are top 10 countdown for bollywood 2016.

10. Wazir (IMDb 7.2)
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Wazir is a tale of two unlikely friends, a wheelchair-bound chess grandmaster (Amitabh Bachhan) and a brave ATS officer (Frahan Akhtar). Brought together by grief and a strange twist of fate, the two men decide to help each other win the biggest games of their lives.
The movie is set on impressive thrilling theme on the game of chess, great direction work by Bejoy Nambiar under the production of prestigious Vidhu Vinod Chopra.

9. Parched (IMDb 7.6)
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It is a story about women set in the heart of parched rural village of Rajasthan. It traces the bittersweet tale of four ordinary women with rebel against inequality and injustice towards thier patrchial society and thier lame rules. a widower Rani (Tannishtha Chatterjee), so called infertile Lajjo (Radhika Apte), stage dancer Bijli (Surveen Chawala) and a teen daughter in law Janaki (Leher Khan).

8. Pink (IMDb 8.5)
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It’s a court room drame of three female protagonists of ‘Pink’ are next door ubran young women of Delhi. Minal (Taapsee Pannu) is an events manager, whose work can extend into the late hours. Falak (Kirti Kulhari) works in a corporate set-up where image is all. Andrea (Tariang) is from North Easter state Meghalaya of what people don’t mean is from India.  The story moves around a criminal case against these girls of which society judge for not being stereotypical women advocated by retired lawayer Deepak Sehgal (Amitabh Bacchan).

7. Aitlift (IMDb 8.3)
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It is the true story of Indians stranded in Kuwait during this traumatic time in the year 1990. A story of how they, with the help of Ranjit Katyal (Akshya Kumar), managed to survive the Iraqi invasion, and against all odds traveled a thousand kilometers across the border into Amman, Jordan. This brings out the true patriotism among anyone someone who doesn’t belong the homeland but still love to it.

6.  FAN (IMDb 7.4)
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Fan is a psychological thriller about Gaurav Chandna (Shahrukh Khan) a Delhi based die-hard and obsessive fan of Bollywood superstar Aryan Khanna (also Shahrukh Khan); Aryan is Gaurav’s whole life. Gaurav’s face bears an uncanny similarity to Aryan’s, which helps him win the local talent show. He then embarks on a journey to meet Aryan in person until his love turns hate towards his everything Aryan as he gets obsessive to get an apology from Arynan towards his rude behavior for this he plans to destory everything what made him his fan.

5. Neerja (IMBb 8.0)
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Neerja is the story of a 22 year old courageous woman Neerja Bhanot (Sonam Kapoor), who sacrificed her life while protecting the lives of 359 passengers on the Pan Am flight 73 in 1986. The flight was hijacked by a terrorist organization. The story moves around fash backs of her personal life, her bad marriage and its struggles and how she manages to keep the passengers, specially kids safe.

4. Raman Raghav 2.0 (IMDb 7.4)
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Another great psychological thriller inspired on the life of notorious serial killer Raman Raghav who operated in Mumbai during the mid-1960s.  Nawazuddin Siddiqui plays the role of Ramanna, a psycho serial killer, while Vicky Kaushal plays Raghavan Singh, a bad cop assigned to investigate the serial killings. The story moves around how Ramanna kill people for no motive and wants to meet inspector Raghav for his rest his soul. The film get round of applause in Cannes Film festive and many other film festivals.

3. Dear Zindagi (IMDb 8.3)
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Dear Zindagi is the coming of the age drama film written and directed brilliantly by Gauri Shinde. The story is about Kiara (Aliya Bhatt) who suffers from clinical depression after going through serial casual relationships who seeks help with a prestigious psychologist Dr. Jahangeer Khan (Shahrukh Khan). The movie gives a  very mature lessons about the meaning of life and relationship like Don’t let your past life blackmail your present to ruin your future.

2. Kapoor & Sons and Udta Punjab (Both IMDb 7.9)
Here is tie for the runner up of 2016 best bollywood movie.

So first I will start with Kapoor & Sons as it came earlier.
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It is a story about a disputed family of two brothers Arjun (Siddharth Malhotra) and Rahul (Fawad Khan) who return home to visit their ailing grandfather (Rishi Kapoor). Amidst numerous ongoing family problems, emotions get intensified between the brothers regarding a girl Tia Malik (Aliya Bhatt), egos of career and cheating in marriage between and their father (Rajat Kapoor) and mother (Ratna Pathak).

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Udta Punjab is a based on drug abuse in the Indian state of Punjab. There are 3 stories that runs separately in the film and somehow get linked in the end. First is the story of a corrupt constable Sartaj Singh (Diljith Dosanjh) who deals with his younger brother habit of drug abuse as he gets hospitalized and treated by Dr. Preet (Kareena Kapoor). Both doctor and him go for the search of the drug lords. Second is the story of junkie popstar Tommy Singh (Shahid Kapur) who deals with inflation of his career due to drug issues.
Third is the story of Bihari farm labour Pinky (Aliya Bhatt) who mistakenly finds drugs in the farmland and goes to dark world of drugs after getting kidnapped by thugs.

1. Dangal (IMDb 9.2)
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Dangal is an extraordinary true story based on the life of Mahavir Singh (Aamir Khan) and his two daughters, Geeta and Babita Phogat. The film traces the inspirational journey of a father who trains his daughters to become gold medal wrestlers and earn respect among people. It shows the struggle how can a father make his daughters anything in the world with will power. The movie is marvelously directed by Nitish Tiwari with a beautiful theme of gender equality. It’s a true disney film with a lot of family values and morals. The action scenes of wrestling are so realistic and can give you adrenaline rush.

How Yoshinori Ohsumi work on Autophagy will change Medical Science?


On 3rd October 2016, a Japanese scientist Professor Yoshinori Ohsumi, Ph.D has been awarded Nobel Prize for Medicine for his study in mechanism of autophagy.

Autophagy, the word itself means self-eating. It is an essential conserved lysosomal degradation pathway that controls the quality of the cytoplasm by eliminating protein aggregates and damaged organelles. It begins when double membraned autophagosomes engulf portions of the cytoplasm, which is followed by fusion of these vesicles with lysosomes and degradation of the autophagic contents.

autophagy

In simple words, It is the process that cells use to destroy and recycle cellular components.
A recycling program – junk cell components are stored and the useful parts comes out to generate the energy or build new cells.

By the acknowledgement of this mechanism of autophagy, many gates will open for the approaches of treating diseases by further research works.

1. Cancerous cell growths can be prevented, that is the major life threatening disease of developed nations, as the survival rate is very low and unreasonable most of the times.

2. Fight against infections of  pathogenic microorganisms, will be great as most of the biology underpinning infectious diseases can be controlled.

3. Maintenance of a healthy metabolism,  It allows cells to degrade large molecules into basic building blocks, which are used as energy sources.

4. Neurodegenerative illnesses, Dementia (caused by tau), Parkinson’s disease (alpha-synuclein), Huntington’s disease (mutant huntingtin) and other age- related disorders.

5. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, an endocrine disease due to genetical or sedentary lifestyle getting more common in our India will be prevented by autophagy.

6. Development of Drugs, Intense research is underway to develop drugs that can target autophagy to treat various other diseases.

7. Regenerate Protein Inside Body: Because of this machinery now we’re able to rely on some of our own proteins, maybe the damaged proteins or the long-lived proteins, and they are recycled with this sophisticated machinery so that we can sustain and we survive.

GAME CHANGING TIPS FOR BETTER, FASTER & SAFER ONLINE SHOPPING

The trend of online shopping has boosted since a decade worldwide. Especially in this selfie generation of India between the age of 10-24. India’s youth population is currently highest young population of the world. From fancy boys to girls, everyone wants live at the speed of 4G to look fabulous and techy. They all want to live updated before their online status update. It is not only boon for lazy-ass peeps who don’t want to go to store for purchase but also for busybees who can make purchase as they all seek for online shopping through their smartphones anytime, anywhere.

Here are the 10 tips for better, faster and safer online shopping:

1.       Register in popular well known websites as they send to emails for any offers, deals and big discounts. It’s better to use their apps and open all the notifications.

2.       There is an app called buyhatke that allows you to make a wishlist of the product you want to purchase and let you compare with other online shops for the same product.

3.       For faster shopping share the products to couple of friends who really good knowledge about it. It saves a lot time in sorting out and comparing something.

4.       Always take a look on the return policy of the product because in case the product didn’t work out for you specially in clothes like undergarments and lingerie, in case if it doesn’t fit right size.

5.       Always look for the end of the season sale, annual sale, festival sale and brand discontinuation sale. As they provide a huge discount for you in comparison to retail showrooms.

6.       Sometimes waiting for the notification or email is not enough in big sale where the rush is so much. Many of the websites like jabong do their product listing on midnight. So drink dark coffee and take advantage of buying before anyone sort it out next day.

7.       It’s must to read reviews regarding to big purchase. They are shopping sites who provide ratings out of 5 stars and their reviews.

8.       For the latest fashion. it’s essential to read the news, magazines, fashion blogs for the tips and suggestion of the latest trends in the world.

9.       Nowadays the trend of purchasing groceries and household products in popular in online shopping as they provide at your doorsteps with big discounts that your local store can never think to sell.

10.   Keep purchases only from familiar websites, avoid using unknown. Try to keep a good password that can not be misused. Avoid shopping in public Wi-Fi. PC users should keep their anti-virus up to date. Also while making purchase check the https (green) on the left of the URL instead of http. As ‘s’ stands of secured site.

History of Touchscreen Smartphones

When it comes to smartphone and I am very critical and picky. Many of friends and relatives consult me before buying a smartphone. I am that fussy that I can even dislike a phone just because it is unable to provide an USP but a brand value to please others such price range. And I too believe others are so they choose as per their need. My money is always on Google Nexus phones as it’s an official android device with latest  stock vanilla latest android version that is always ready to get first updates. In recent years many Chinese companies have evolved and made phone of higher flagship range in half of its price tag. Indian market of youths and enthusiast appropriated that. Only a few are really amazing as most of them are quite disappointing and cheap phones.

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In the year 2007 since the first apple iPhone was introduced it has a capacitive touchscreen for the first time in any mainstream smartphone. Although LG Prada phone was the first phone with capacitive touch. After that many companies have started selling their phones with linux platform called android, a project made by google for making smartphones and tablets just more like geeky version of apple iOS. Other big platforms like Palm, Symbian, Windows, Blackberry could not survive as per Charles Darwin theory.

Initially android was not that great, bit sluggish in every device, there were errors and issues involved unlike iOS that was quite simple and smoother than any other phone for normal daily usage. People were saying what a copy of iphone. But that remained since the end of 2011 when Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich was introduced. And here when I talk about android means their official hardware phone that is nexus. It was new refined platform but the maturity and smoothness comes more from Jelly Bean that lasted for couple of years.

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It was the time apple CEO Steve Jobs passed away since then iOS has been struggling and trying to make something like Android with the roots of iOS. Now they made the phone bigger, made iOS 8 bit more complicated than ever before, which was against the views of Jobs. Majority of apps that are valuable are available in both the environments. And early adopters of apple iPhone started to move on. I am not saying apple iPhone is bad smartphone but overall good phone for someone who is more like don’t care about new technologies, best camera phone, technophobe, wants more simpler user interface or brand value specially here in India.

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But since then both universes are just making the device more refined and beautiful, not much involvement of new features. There is no significant or drastic changes. Maybe because their no bunny to take advantage of cat fights between two giants. Exactly this is why they even have developed new stuffs, most probably by google Android team are new showing casing their aces on the table. Today iOS 9 and android marshmallow 6.0 are both great devices and in the end of the day it is just a phone with fancy multi-features.