Food

SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD FOR INFANTS

At no other time of life food is so important as in the first year of life (infancy). The kind, amount and sanitation of this food as well as the manner of feeding require particular attention which plays dividends in the form of a healthy, happy to baby. The nutrient requirements are high per unit of body weight because of rapid growth. In fact, in no other period of life growth is so rapid as in infancy.

Every mother is aware of that food prepared for adults are not always suitable for infants. But most of mothers do not realise that foods suitable for them can be easily prepared. They go for expensive baby foods which are sometimes beyond their reach.
Satisfactory foods can be planned and prepared for infants and children at home without using much expensive food stuffs.

We all know that breast milk is best food for the baby. But after 6 months, breast milk alone is not sufficient to meet the growing needs of the infants. Certain other food need to be provided  along with breast milk so as to supplement the short fall in the nutrients. The right time to start with supplements is after six months as per the guidelines. If we start too early, the child always at an increased risk of diarrhoea and if too late there is a constant fear of malnutrition.
Please note: Breast feeding has to be continued with supplementary foods.

The texture of consistency of the supplements can be modified according to the age of the infants, thus providing them with liquid supplements between 8-12 months. Liquid supplements include fruit juice, vegetable soups, soupy dal and cattle milk. In early stafes awe can start  with half ounce and gradually this amount can be increased upto 3 ounces per feed.

As the child grows, from liquid supplements there is a gradual transition to semisolid foods. The semisolid foods are mostly porridges made out of the stable food of the community (wheat, rice, maize, jowar, etc) These cereals are generally cooked with milk and sugar.  Some commonly used porridges are ‘Dalia’, ‘Rice Kheer’, ‘Suji Kheer’, ‘Ragi Kanjee’, ‘Sabudana Kheer’ etc. The porridge should be such that the child can swallow it easily. To ensure that the porridge is not thick and to reduce its build ARF (Amylase Rich Food) is added to porridge.

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The ARF is nothing but flour obtained from germinated grain like wheat, bajra, jowar, maize etc. Germinated grain flour contains a lot of amylase which makes the porridge soft , thin and easy to eat. Grains can be germinated, drained in Sun, powdered and the stored in air tight containers. Quarter to half tea-spoon of ARF powder can be added to the cooked porridge  when it is still hot (around 70*C). Other than porridge, boiled and mashed and given as such where as had fruits like apple, pineapple, peaches, banana etc. need to be first stewed and mashed before being served. Boiled dals, egg yolk, boiled fish and meat can also be given along with a little salt and butter.

When the baby starts teething around 8 months, it is the right time to introduce thick solid foods. The foods which were boiled and mashed earlier should now be just boiled and cut into small pieces. Boiled rice and small pieces of chapaties may also be given. Hard and crunchy foods are liked by the infants during the time of teething biscuits, toast, rusk, raw carrot, apple, cucumber are ideal food items for the child to chew.

Various food mixtures prepared from cereals, pulses, fruits,  nuts, animals foods, vegetables, milk and its products during this period. It has been noticed that children who are brought up on a variety of foods lives healthier and have much healthier tastes than those of brought up just milk and biscuits, fruits juice and vitamins. A mixed diet will not only upgrade the protein quality but will also prevent the development of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. By the age of one year the baby can take all solid foods. In fact the child can eat all the foods prepared for family meals.

Most of the problems of food acceptability in children being around one year of age. The problem in fact starts with the mother, who thinks the child should be well fed and tried to feed the child more food that its  needs. The mother should have patience and should help the child in developing good food habits gradually. Learning is a slow process and here the child learning to eat new foods one after the another.
So, have patience, be supportive and the result will be happy, healthy baby.

 

 

Five keys to safer food


According to World Heath Organisation (WHO) unsafe food is linked to the deaths of an estimated 2 million people annually – including many children. Food containing harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances is responsible for more than 200 diseases, ranging from diarrhea to cancers.
This year on World Heath Day, the new campaign is for food safety. This is a shared responsibility. It is important to work all along the food production chain – from farmers and manufacturers to vendors and consumers.
So here are the five keys to safer food offer practical guidance to vendors and consumers for handling and preparing food as per WHO:
Key 1: Keep it clean

It is always necessary to clean your hands before handling, preparing and cooking food. Wash your hands after using toilet, with a good antiseptic soap. Wash and sanitize all the surfaces and equipment used in preparation of meal. And make sure you are protecting your kitchen areas and food from insects, pests, and other birds and animals. All the things above will let dangerous infectious micro-organisms away from food that are found in soil, water, animals and people. It usually carries through hands, clothes, utensils and animals.
Key 2: Separate raw and cooked food
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It is recommended to keep raw and cooked foods separate reduces the risk of cross contamination. Cross contamination is used to describe the transfer of bacteria from sources such as raw meat or poultry, food handlers, animals and refuse to a high risk food, e.g. cooked meat products, dairy products, egg dishes (high protein foods). Hence you must keep separate utensils and containers for raw and cooked food.
Key 3: Cook food thoroughly

Some cooked dishes contain ingredients that may have harmful bacteria. Cooking foods thoroughly will help to destroy these bacteria. It is important to check that meat, chicken, fish or egg dishes are cooked thoroughly. Always eat fresh food and make heat above 70*C while cooking to make safer for consumption. Also keep reheating thoroughly time after time.
Key 4: Keep food at safe temperatures

Never leave cooked food at room temperature for more than 2 hours. It is recommended to keep in refrigerator below 5*C promptly all cooked and perishable food as it avoid micro-organisms for further multiply; although some grows normally. But keep in mind storing food too long even in refrigerator is not safe. As we all know serving main course hot makes it tasty but it also it slow down or even stops the growth of micro-organisms. So keep it piping hot more than 60*C before serving it.

Key 5: Use safe water and raw materials

In modern world it become must to have a water purifier at home now. Reverse Osmosis (RO) purifier is one of the best in market as dangerous micro-organism and chemicals in water is getting more common. Besides water, choose foods processed for safety, such as pasteurized milk. Prefer farm fresh wholesome food over canned and supermarket. Toxic chemicals may be formed in damaged and mouldy foods. Always wash and peel before eating it raw. Do not use food beyond its expiry or best before date.

INTRODUCTION

Hello, fellow readers. Welcome to my new official blog. It has been great pleasure that you are reading my articles. My name is Ujjawal C. Jain, 20 years old from Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. I am a medical student pursuing Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from People’s College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal.
Beside being around tough medical studies I like to keep my passionate hobbies too. I love to take photographs of people, patients, events like workshops, events, fests, conferences, parties, celebrations and street with different lenses of my DSLR camera. I am a gadget and social networking freak. I read and compile and a lot of gadgets and technology news. I am personally a vegetarian and animal lover. I love to cook different dishes when I am around my home. Also I love to make jokes, parodies, one liners and parodies in my free time.
My family is a doctor family. My father is MD Pediatrician and mother is home maker & hospital staff manager. In siblings I have only an elder brother, who is MD Pulmonary Medicine. And again I am the youngest future doctor in my family.

So, I guess enough introduction about me. Let me introduce about this blog. I have also written blogs before but those were very casual and informal. This one is my first official blog by my name itself Ujjawal Jain’s Blog. I will keep write my articles on topics of Health, Food, Photography, Medical Studies, Geography, Humanitarian, Astrophysics, Music, Fictional stories, TV Shows & Movies. I request you to keep following my articles. I will be really pleased if you do that.
Thank you! 🙂

Sh1t That Happens in Typical Indian Weddings

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Hello! Bhaiyo aur meri Saheliyo! Sorry for this post that I am going to write.. wait a second… I am actually writing. Err Again. Hello! Bhaiyo aur Saheliyo! Sorry for such a long time to write a new post. Sach Sach Batao Kiss Kiss ne mujhe miss kiya? Ummm Hmmm Aaan Haan!! 😉

Advertisement: Vicco Turmeric, nahi cosmetic. Vicco Turmeric Ayurvedic Cream. Keel Muhaso ke jade se hataye, twacha ke gunn isme samaye. Vicco Turmeric Ayurvedic Cream.!!Vicco-Turmeric-900x900This article is all about what sh1t we usually see in our big fat Indian weddings. Yes Shaadi, that way in which parents of the bride and grooms wants to get away from their children and finally let their life live in their way independently. Band baja-wala, Nagede-wala, phool-wala, singers, DJs, Indian-wear fashion Industry, catering-wala, nayi (barber), pundito ki roti ka aadhar. Ression ho ya Inflation shaadi mubarak zindabaad! Indian wedding are not about the bonding of two straight people. It is about the bonding of two families where couples have to attach with every other family member including that buddhi dadi who speaks gibberish and on liquid diet. For couple’s family. The first thing they think about wedding is the organization of the ceremony. In working middle class parents have to arrange a separate fixed deposit bank account so that they can easily pay all the spendings without installments and all that financial shit. Because even if the family can not afford the spendings of their normal day to day.

This is what google search result comes out when you type Indian Wedding.

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They all do so much just for the pseudo show off. Inflation might have burned a hole in mango people’s pocket but the Indian wedding is as big and fat as ever. For all other family members and relatives. It is all about heavy shopping, food and floor breaking dance. So first I tell you all about this heavy shopping specially of outfits and accessories. IMG_20130414_195302-1 Shopping, shopping and more Goddamn shopping. Specially with these women. Sorry girls! I am not some kind of jerk or who hate all this culture and tradition but yes this shit all happen when a typical Indian lady do prepare after listening about someone is getting married. 😀 Lagun ke liya yeh dress. Shagun ke liye woh wali saree. Mehndi ke liya woh wala kurta. Sangeet mai chiffon wali saree. Jaymala wali night woh naya designer lehnga. Shoes, sandals, watches, bangles, perfumes, and lot of more expensive stuffs that I am familiar with. So overall it becomes hours and time and money and never ending satisfaction. Because no matter how much you spend, how gorgeous you look, the next lady would definitely appearing better. 😛

After writing this I’ve very less chances of getting laid this week) For men it is the most the moment of chaos and usually takes very less time in comparison to women. Most of the people use to wear suit and tie, kurta pajama or sherwani. For this all they need either go to retail outlets and simply purchase as per their size. But if the person is very fussy about the what he wears or of abnormal size. He has to give to tailor master and have to wait for weeks to get. Not the all like women but most the bachelors and some freaks. Most prefer to wear kurta pajamas and try to look like Shahrukh of K3G even when they have a face of Saif  in Roadside Romeo. 😀 IMG_20130414_200410-002 Advertisement: Bajradanti bajradanti Vicco bajradanti..!! Vicco powder vicco paste..!! ♫ Aayurvedic Jadebootiyo se bana sampoorn swadesi. Vicco powder vicco paste. Vicco!! Bajradanti!! 😀 vicco_vajradanti_medium-500x500 After meaningless shopping of dressings. Here comes the arrival of the both parties. Ladkiwale “The bride’s side” and Ladkewale “The groom’s side”. Traditionally Ladkiwale arrange the arrangements for all the ceremonies and functions. Now here it comes the main event where everyone is gets ready with all glittering and sleekly face. Double facial, heavy makeups, loads of precious jewelry to show off. Normal people do wass up? and some people started to do up wass! 😉 Yes, the fast of not eating so that they can enjoy different different varieties of culinary at the same evening. Usually in Indian wedding locally invited people mostly are not interested to know about the bride and groom, what they do, where they are from, how much money they spend on everything else. They all eat four times of their regular appetite and then say aaj toh *kuchh zyada ho gya*. (Clapping).

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Different people, different way to enjoy the meal. Non-vegan mostly attack on the chicken dishes and eat like they are eating after years or will not able to eat after that. Many of you guys familiar with tradition Punjabi way of eating where the person take a regular plate, fill up with a pound of rice or pulao. The classical way is to keep it in the shape of some conical mountain. No matter what they like, know about the dish. All the gravies on the top, middle with dried dishes, the sides are filled with naan, puri or any other kinda bread. They try to fill serve everything in their plate/s.

So that next time whenever they meet to someone, they can not say I didn’t tried that, I missed that or make fun of someone who didn’t tasted. 😛 After food here comes the time to dance. The part of the time when every creature wants to express that they have guts to dance like MJ, Usher, Shakira, Beyonce. In the end of the day, they have to deal with Govinda, Sri Devi, Anil Kapoor swag. In weddings no matter a person ever dance in rest of other moments but he or she have to dance like a freak. From a 3 year old who just stated to walk properly an uncle with all grey hair. Just dance like they won some big battle and it’s time to celebrate until they collapse. In typical Punjabi weddings or say a free booze party where usually men drink like they will never ever gonna get a glass of liquor to drink in rest of their life. After drinking glasses all they go crazy and dance in, what say.. Just daans!. -_-

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Usually the dance of the family members of the groom side (Ladkewale) starts from the classical ceremony called “Ghudsavari” where groom riding a mare comes with his side and with the dancing shoes on the public road. In arrangements a group of so called band comes with the party. All the Nagadawala beats their Nagada (big Indian drum) and few big military hand drum sturdily no matter where they are, it’s incredible India. Mostly in Indian weddings a wedding singer is also arranged who is the best example of the people who think they can do all the job of the day in couple of hours. I mean they don’t have any singing talent or so but all they do is sing the limited number of bollywood songs that they mugged up. Though the main concern of them is not singing, as they are can do voice of both male and female, yea right! they also sing songs by female artists by making a painful ear bleeding high pitch voice. Although wherever you go in North India. They always sing these limited number of songs for sure whithout it no wedding can be finished. Songs like “Naagin, the snake song”, Aaj mere yaar ki shaadi hai”, “Kudi Punjaban dil chura ke”, “Kajra re” “Munni Badnaam Hui” etc in the as high volume as they can arrange.

Here are a couple of clips of Indian wedding dances that you may like to enjoy. 😀

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=327098337416818&set=vb.188365381302107&type=2&theater http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jcstt9Ry8i8