Today breast cancer is one the most dangerous disease in women after skin and lung cancer among women. Etiologically depends upon geographical location, genetically, oestrogen access. It is more common in urban areas of India and developed nations. It’s more often in left breast than the right and is bilateral in about 4% cases.
As per statistics development of invasive breast cancer is 12% over the course of her lifetime of US women. About 25% of all cancers among women and causes approximately 20% of all cancer deaths.
In 2015, an estimated 231,840 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S., along with 60,290 new cases of noninvasive (in situ) breast cancer. Around 40,290 women will die from breast cancer.
Breast cancer is now the most common cancer in most cities in India, and 2nd most common in the rural areas. It is most common among postmenopausal women of 5060 years of age. It is even possible to have development of breast cancer in men but it very rare for like 0.2% of cases.
For around 85% of breast cancers occur in women who have no family history of breast cancer. These occur due to genetic mutations that happen as a result of the aging process and life in general, rather than inherited mutation in genes.
There is no such way to prevent this breast cancer but sill there are few measurements that can lower the chances. It can be possible changing few risk factors that one can keep under it control by changing the lifestyle and diagnosing at earliest stage as possible.
1. Drink less or better avoid
Alcohol is not only destroys you liver and kidneys. It is also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. So it is better to limit the intake to no more than one drink a day, regardless of type of liquor.
2. Avoid smoking
Smoking is often associated to COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) and Lung Cancer. But according to scientific researches that longterm smoking also increase the risk of breast cancer in some women due to presence of carcinogens.
3. Maintain your weight and eat healthy
Risk of breast cancer after menopause has been recorded higher in obese women. Increase your healthy lifestyle by fresh fruits and vegetables, eat lean protein and avoid processed food, carbs and fried meal. Choose vegetarian dishes over nonveg.
4. Stay physically active and strong
According to research that increased physical activity, even when begun later in life, reduces the risk by about 10 to 30 percent. All it takes is moderate exercise like a 30minute walk five days a week to get this protective effect. So it is better to stay fit, do workout, stay healthy and live healthy.
5. Breast feeding
Good news! If you’re a mother and have a recent delivery of an angel. You will be secure from breast cancer for a year with breast feeding your child. It not only acts as nectar for the baby but also there is some natural ability to get cancer by rid of this. Higher risk in unmarried an nulliparous women than in married and multiparous women. But also some women with first childbirth at the late age of over 30 are in greater risk.
6. Avoid Hormone Therapy
Long term use of OCP (oral contraceptive pills) has been suspected to predispose to breast cancer. Menopausal hormone therapy increases risk for breast cancer. If you must take hormones to manage menopausal symptoms, avoid those that contain progesterone and limit their use to less than three years. So avoid unless it has been prescribed by a doctor.
7. Have regular checkups
If you are at high risk for breast cancer, such as having a particular gene like a BRCA gene, or have a strong family history or have had highrisk benign breast disease in the past, talk with your doctor about other options like mammography, MRI, xeroradiography, thermography, FNAC and ultrasound screenings.
Many of the times It is noticed that the patient comes at later stage of the cancer and it becomes quite difficult and less possibilities to cure it. It is always advisable to have regular checkups in hospital. You need to followup and talk frankly this about to your doctor.
Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease
Harsh Mohan Textbook of Pathology