India, the country of road accidents

Do you know? India has the highest number of road accidents in the world.

Every hour, 40 people under the age of 25 die in road accidents around the globe.

India stands out miserably in the latest World Health Organisation’s (WHO) “Global Road Safety Report-2015” with an estimated 2,07,551 deaths on roads and around 4.5 lacs crashes. That is actually much more than the number of people killed in all our wars put together.
In 2015, one person dies every 4 minutes in roads accidents in India, according to NGO ‘Indians for Road Safety’.
People left injured were also the highest levels since the recording in India with 4.8 lacs injured people, some of them even faced permanent disability.
According to the WHO, this is the second most important cause of death for 5 to 29 year old ones after is road accident. A 16-year-old has 3 times the crash risk of an 18-year-old and 7 times the crash risk of a 25-year-old.

“In New Delhi, the capital of India, frequency of traffic collisions is 40 times higher than the rate of London, the capital of the United Kingdom.”

Among 53 mega cities of India, capital city Delhi itself registered the highest number of fatalities Delhi with 2,199. That is like 6 lives end on Delhi’s roads everyday!
Chennai second recorded 1,046 such deaths
Bhopal ranked third with 1,015
Jaipur fourth with 844 lost lives

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1. Safety Education & Good Roads:
One should know and follow traffic rules obediently. Uneducated people don’t know about the rules and the educated people ignores them. Preference to pedestrians and children should be first. As per Indian standards, left side should be chosen.
Caution signs should be placed. Government should provide good fund and management for the maintenance of road. Generous luminescence in the dark, street lights in working condition. Cross roads and speed breakers should be made in risky areas.

2. Safety Measurements:
Cars should be driven with seat belts as they protect body parts including brain and spinal cord. It is estimated 15,000 lives are saved each year in USA with the help of wearing seat belts.
Bikes should be only allowed on the roads if the person is wearing a well certified helmet. Youngsters avoid wearing to look cool and adventurous. End up buried under the grave. Helmet saves up to about 50% of cranial injuries.
Government should favor compulsory cars with airbags, ABS (anti-breaking system), fog lamps and rear defogger glasses.
There should be rule of not allowing kids to the age of 15 to be allowed to sit even in co-passenger seat with driver. It is followed in some countries but not in India.

3. Enforcement of Laws:
License should be strictly given after a road test under an official and it should be retested after a period of 5 years at least for renewal. Speed limit, medical fitness tests, compulsory seat belt and helmet rule should be applied. 
There should be strict laws against
a) bad driving,
b) taking and texting on mobile phones,
c) crossing the speed limit,
d) roadside alcohol and drugs intake checkup,
e) illegal street racing, and
f) under-age driving (below 18)

4. Preventive Care with Medical & Rehabilitation Facilities
The person who faced minor or major accident should be provided with ambulance to the nearest hospital for the management of any trauma. Hospital should provide fully specialized Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Intensive Critical Care Unit (ICCU) facilities can save the life of the person.
Other than that if the person get impairment or disability, he or she should be rehabilitated to avoid being a handicap person. This include medical, social, psychological and occupational rehabilitation.

5. Psychological factors should be avoided
One should not drive in any of these following conditions:
a) Lack of experience with driving a vehicle.
b) Trying to be adventurous and taking raking risks.
c) Impulsive behavior or mood.
d) Defective judgmental behavior.
e) Delay in decision taking.
f) Ability of poor perception.
g) Driving with family dysfunction.
h) Alcohol or any other drug addiction.

Dedicated to my cousin Ankit who lost his life last month on road accident. May the lord rest his soul in peace.

References: TOI, NDTV, Hindu, K.Park’s Preventive & Social Medicine